The history of the Nevskoe Design Bureau (NDB) is closely linked to the Kirov Plant (former Putilov Plant), one of the oldest large metallurgical and machine-building enterprises in Russia, and the Putilov Shipyard where the history of the «iron» Russian Navy originates.
1977 Order of Lenin. For significant contribution of the NDB team to the development of new equipment
1984 Order of the October Revolution. For significant contribution of the NDB team to the development and production of special equipment
In 1910-1912, with big orders received from the Maritime Ministry for the construction of warships, the Society of Putilov Factories built a new Putilov Shipyard with an open-air berth, slipways and two technical offices (for shipbuilding and mechanical engineering)
In 1927, the two technical offices were merged into a single technical bureau attached to the Severnaya Verf Shipyard.
In 1930, a special ship design bureau was split off from the Severnaya Verf’s technical bureau and entrusted with designing warships and boats for the Naval Forces of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army.
The first surface ship design bureau traces its roots back to Sudoproverf’s special design bureau. On January 18, 1931 it initially received the name «Central Design Bureau of Special Shipbuilding», then it became TsKBS No. 1 (Central Design Bureau of Special Shipbuilding No. 1), and then was renamed twice more: the Central Design Bureau No. 17 (TsKB-17) in 1936 and the Nevskoe Design Bureau (NDB) in 1966.
In the post-war years, with the rapid development of a broad naval shipbuilding program, the Nevskoe Design Bureau became the basis for establishing other design bureaus in the industry. In pursuance of Order No. 1/s of People’s Commissar of the Shipbuilding Industry dated 15.02.1946, a branch of the Nevskoe Design Bureau (TsKB-17 at that time) was set up at the Severnaya Verf Shipyard to provide for the construction of destroyers and guard ships. A significant portion of the engineering and management personnel, headed by the chief engineer, was permanently transferred to the branch. On April 22, 1946, this branch was transformed into the Central Design Bureau No. 53 (later the Severnoe Design Bureau). In the same year, a certain portion of the engineers and technicians, headed by the chief designer, was transferred to the Baltic Plant to intensify design efforts on minesweeper projects.
The Special Boiler Design Bureau (SKBK) was subsequently established to design marine steam boilers for ships and vessels of all classes and purposes, the core of which was made up of former NDB employees. The Central Design Bureau No. 16 (currently JSC Malakhit Marine Engineering Bureau) was set up for designing heavy cruisers and about 50% of its most qualified engineering, technical and managerial personnel were transferred from NDB.
The newly established design bureaus became full-fledged and efficient organizations capable of meeting challenges related to naval ship development.
In view of the particular importance of the challenges at hand, the bureau itself and the ships developed by it have always received significant attention from the country’s leadership. Russian President Vladimir Putin and foreign leaders visited ships built to Nevskoe Design Bureau’s designs.
Currently, the Nevskoe Design Bureau is the leading designer of heavy aircraft-carrying cruisers and large landing ships, as well as shore-based test/training facilities for carrier aircraft pilots.
Over 300 ships and vessels of various types and purposes had been built to NDB designs at 16 shipyards in 10 cities of the USSR.
Among them are those that our country is proud of. This is the famous cruiser Kirov, Project 68 and 68-bis cruisers, one of them, Mikhail Kutuzov, can be seen now in Novorossiysk as a branch of the Central Naval Museum. In the 1960s, NDB developed the Project 1123 helicopter carriers, which were then outstanding in their capabilities. At that time, the bureau was tasked to develop the Soviet «space fleet». The famous Kosmonavt Vladimir Komarov is one of the representatives of this galaxy of satellite tracking ships.
The 1970s and 80s were a period of hard work for the bureau in three areas at once – aircraft carriers, large landing ships and special-purpose vessels. During this time NDB developed aircraft carriers ranging from the Kiev to the active Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov, as well as landing ships, among which Projects 1171 and 1174 were outstanding in their capabilities. The bureau developed the world’s first experimental ship Dikson carrying high-energy weapons.
Today, JSC Nevskoe Design Bureau is a high-tech, fast-growing company that successfully implements the corporate business and social partnership principles, a center generating innovative products that ensures the strategic competitiveness of technologies for aircraft carriers and large landing ships in the interests of national security, as well as for various civil vessels.
The Nevskoe Design Bureau is celebrating its 90th anniversary in good shape and with a whole range of new projects.
Between 2011 and 2020, a number of outstanding projects were carried out. Among them are the aircraft carrier Vikramaditya for the Republic of India and a shore-based test/training facility for carrier aircraft pilots. NDB, in regard to design work, ensured the effective use of the aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov in Syria. The Russian Navy has received the first two newest Project 11711 large landing ships.
In pursuit of the objective set by the President of Russia, the Nevskoe Design Bureau focuses on meeting domestic companies’ needs for inland and coastal shipping, as well as on developing various high-ice-class vessels, given the importance of the development of the Arctic and Antarctic and increasing Russia’s presence in these regions. In recent years, NDB has developed the Project 00216m chemical carrier (the first two of which have been built at ASPO), Projects 23640 and 23530 bulk carriers featuring innovative outlines. A lineup of new-generation research expedition and research vessels, designed to continue the glorious things that are currently performed by the research vessels Akademik Fedorov and Mikhail Somov, has been developed.
Between 2011 and 2020, the Nevskoe Design Bureau carried out a number of outstanding projects, including the aircraft carrier Vikramaditya for the Republic of India